Main Menu

Related content

Common Throat Problems
The throat works with the mouth, ears and nose to perform functions vital to swallowing, breathing and speaking. Common problems with the throat include dysphonia, esophagitis, GERD, laryngitis, pharyngitis and problems swallowing.

What is GERD?
GERD, or Gastroesophageal reflux disease, happens when the muscle at the end of the esophagus does not properly close causing stomach contents to leak back, or reflux, causing irritation. Symptoms can include heartburn, a foul taste in the mouth, dry cough or trouble swallowing. Avoiding alcohol and spicy, fatty or acidic foods, and reducing meal size can reduce symptoms.

Dysphonia or Speech Disorder
Spasmodic dysphonia is difficulty speaking caused by spasms of the muscles controlling the vocal cords. Most cases result from a disconnect between the nervous system and the vocal cords, but dysphonia can also be caused from psychological distress. Your voice may sound hoarse, strained or waver and pause. It may also sound whispery and breathy. Consult your ENT physician to see if treatment is right for you.